If you are on a multi-user, or even multi-admin user, maintaing a configuration history is useful.
There are a bunch of tools that are good for this.
obviously some tool like subversion or git can be used to track file changes
auditd is probably the best option, as it is a standard feature of the kernel and looks to be pretty comprehensive about what it can track in terms of processe and calls, however it looks like it would need to be combined with some version control tool to actually see the changes to the files, particularly for configuration file changes.
hence one of these crusty old tools would probably do the trick
tripwire, integrity or aide